"Beauty, style and value for your Home or Business"
Care and Maintenance
The natural stone you have purchased is an investment that will give you many years of beautiful service. Simple care and maintenance will help preserve your stone's beauty for generations to come. This guide offers routine cleaning guidelines as well as procedures for stain removal should it become necessary. Care and Precaustions Use coasters under all glasses, particularly those containing alcohol or citrus juices. Many common foods contain acids that can dull or etch the surface of many stones. Use trivets or mats under hot dishes and placemates under china, ceramics, silver, or other objects that can scratch the stone. Tops have been sealed with a penetrating sealer. For best protection clean and seal annually with a quality sealer. Know Your Stone Natural stone can be classified into two general categories depending on its composition: siliceous or alcareous. Knowing the difference is critical when choosing cleaning products. Siliceous stone is composed mainly of silica or quartz-like particles. It tends to be very durable and relitively easy to clean with mild acidic cleaning solutions. Examples of siliceous stone include granite, slate, sandstone, quartzite, and bluestone. Calcareous stone is composed mainly of calcium carbonate. It is sensitive to acidic cleaning products and may require different cleaning procedures than siliceous stone. Examples of calcareous stone include marble, travertine, limestone, and onyx. Spills and Stains Blot the spill with a paper towel immediately. Don't wipe the area, it will spread the spill. Flush the area with plain water and mild soap and rinse several times. Dry the area with a soft cloth. Repeat as necessary. If the stain remains, refer to the following sections in this guide. Types of Stains and Cleaning Actions Needed Oil-based (grease, tar, cooking, oil, milk,cosmetics) An oil-based stain will darken the stone and normally must be chemically dissolved so the source of the stain can be flushed away. Clean gently with a soft, liquid cleanser with bleach, OR household detergent OR amonia OR acetone OR mineral spirits. Organic (coffee, tea, fruit, tobacco, paper, food, urine, leaves) May cause a pinkish-brown stain and may dissappear after the source is removed. Clean with 12% hydrogen peroxide (hair bleaching strength) and a few drops of amonia. Metal (iron, rust, copper, bronze) Iron or rust stains are orange to brown in color and follow the shape of the staining object. Copper and bronze stains appear as green or muddy-brown and result from the action of moisture on nearby embedded bronze, copper, or brass items. Metal stains must be removed with a poultice. Deep seated, rusty stains are extremely difficult to remove and the stone may be permanently stained. Biological (algae, mildew, lichens, moss, fungi) Clean with dilute (1/2 cup in a gallon of water) ammonia OR bleach OR hydrogen peroxide. DO NOT MIX BLEACH AND AMONIA! THIS COMBONATION PRODUCES A TOXIC AND LETHAL GAS! Ink (magic marker, pen, ink) Clean with bleach OR hydrogen peroxide (light colored stone only!) OR lacquer thinner or acetone (dark stones only!) Paint Small amounts can be removed with lacquer thinner or scraped off carefully with a razor blade. Heavy paint coverage should be removed only with commercial "heavy liquid" paint stripper available from hardware stores and paint centers. These strippers normally contain caustic soda or lye. Do not use acids or flame tools to strip paint. Paint strippers can etch the stone surface. Follow the manufacturer's directions taking care to flush the area thoroughly with clean water. Protect yourself with rubber gloves and eye protection. Work only in well ventilated areas. Normally, latex or acrylic paint will not cause staining. Oil based paints, linseed oil, putty, caulks and sealants may cause oily stains. Scratches and Nicks Surface scratches may be buffed with dry 0000 steel wool. Deeper scratches and nicks should be repaird and repolished by a professional.
Do's Do dust surfaces frequently Do clean surfaces with mild detergent or stone soap Do thoroughly rinse and dry the surface after washing Do blot up spills immediately
Dont's Don't use vinegar, lemon juice or other cleaners containing acids Don't use cleaners that contain acid such as bathroom cleaners, grout cleaners or tub & tile cleaners Don't use abrasive cleaners such as dry cleaners or soft cleaners
Stone Sensations 415 Wards Corner Road. Suite A Loveland, Ohio 45140 513-831-0180 Office 513-831-0187 Fax email@example.com